Coat of Arms Wood Plaque Engraved on Marble Background
Coat of Arms Wood Plaque Engraved on Silver Background
Coat of Arms Wood Plaque Engraved on Black Background
Coat of Arms Wood Plaque Engraved on Gold Background
Coat of Arms & Long Surname History Wood Plaque
Coat of Arms & Short Surname History Wood Plaque
Double Family Coat of Arms Wedding Display.
Family History Long Version and Coat of Arms Display.
Name Origin of Both Surnames in Your Family Genealogy.

The history of Ireland and its Irish heritage is rich with stories of bravery, battles, and love. From the Celtic tribes to invasions from other countries, this area of the world has much to offer genealogies looking for their family lines. We hope the information we have compiled for our visitors will be useful. Keep in mind that researchers have gone to Ireland to search for coat of arms, family crest, surname histories, and find other tidbits of details on Irish surnames of all types. The heritage of Ireland is well worth reading. Please enjoy and let us know how we can improve this genealogy site.

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History of Ireland and its Irish Heritage

Display your Irish coat of arms or your Ireland heritage

Early Ireland History: By the start of the Christian Era the various Celtic tribes inhabiting Ireland were apparently divided into the five kingdoms of Ulster; Meath, Leinster, Munster, and Connaught, whose rulers were subject to a high king dwelling at Tara. The Druids, or priests, and the bards, who sang heroic tales, were figures of special power and prominence in those early days. In the fifth century, when St. Patrick carried on his famous missionary work, Christianity became the religion of the island. Learning, music, and poetry flourished; foreign students visited Ireland, and Irish missionaries carried religion and scholarship to England and the Continent. This, Ireland's most glorious era, is the period of which its people are most proud of their Irish heritage.

The Invasion of Ireland; In 795 the Normans invaded Ireland, settling along the coast and raiding the interior and its Irish people. Two centuries later the country was temporarily united under Brian Boroimhe {Brian Boru}, and in 1014 the Normans were finally defeated at the Battle of Clontarf. In 1155, however, Pope Adrian IV authorized Henry II of England to take Ireland as a papal fief, and not long afterward an English army invaded Ireland to restore Dermot MacMurrough, the deposed Kind of Leinster, to his throne. Dermot's daughter married the English commander Richard Clare "Strong bow", who inherited the crown on Dermot's death. English soldiers and settlers occupied the eastern kingdom, and Henry granted large estates in Ireland to English nobles. But many of these immigrants adopted the ways and attitudes of the Irish natives, and England soon controlled only a few towns and the Pale, a district around Dublin.

Religious Conflict of the Irish people; Henry VIII, who adopted the title of King of Ireland in 1514, sought to make Ireland and it's Irish countrymen, as well as England, Protestant. Destroying monasteries, confiscating lands, and executing opponents, he launched a period of violence in the Irish land that continued throughout the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. Elizabeth made the Anglican Church the official Church of Ireland; and it was during her reign that the Irish in the northeast counties {Ulster} were driven out and their lands settled by Protestant Scots. English authority spread, but Irish resistance only increased. In 1641, 30,000 Protestants were killed in an Irish uprising. Eight years later Oliver Cromwell's invading army won temporary submission by means of mass slaughter and unbelievable cruelty.

England's James II, a Catholic, fled to Ireland after his abdication in 1688. The Irish supported his plans to regain the throne, but in 1690 William of Orange {William III} led an army into Ireland and destroyed James's forces in the Battle of the Boyne. The Scotch and English of Ulster, allies of William, became known as Orangemen. A treaty was drawn up, promising the Irish some rights and freedoms, but it was rejected by the Parliaments of both lands. In this black period, Irish immigrated to the American colonies in great numbers.

Political Conflict in the Country of Ireland; In 1778 the Irish people were given the right to acquire land, open schools, and exercise their religion with fewer restrictions, but in 1800, after further revolts, the Act of Union abolished the Irish Parliament, making Ireland a part of the United Kingdom. Only Protestants represented the country in the British Parliament until 1829, when the Emancipation Act opened the way for Catholics to serve in the legislature. Daniel O'Connell, who helped accomplish this reform, was one of the leading Irish patriots of the period, as was the beloved Robert Emmet, who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful rebellion in 1803.

To the poverty caused by land and trade laws favoring English landowners, was added in 1847-48 the terrible potato famine, which took a million Irish lives within a few years and stimulated mass emigration to the United States. Within a decade Ireland's population of eight million was drastically reduced. The Irish-American Fenians inspired another revolt in 1867, and Parliament passed some reform measures. By 1870 Ireland was demanding a native parliament to conduct its own internal affairs. In the struggle for home rule, Charles Stewart Parnell helped to win the support of the British Liberal party, which finally lost control of the government because of its stand on Ireland.

After 1869 the Anglican Church ceased to be the established church in Ireland. In the next two decades land legislation improved the economic condition of the farmers, and in 1898 local self-government was obtained. Despite these reforms, however, agitation was revived under John Dillon and John Redmond. In 1903 the Land Purchase Act made it possible for Irish tenants to by land from the great landlords on easy terms. Eleven years later a home-rule bill was passed which was later suspended as a result of the protest of Northern Ireland and the outbreak of World War I.

The Final Struggle of the Irish People; On Ester Sunday, 1916 the Sinn Fein {Ourselves Alone} Society launched an uprising against British rule. Although the revolt was soon crushed, the execution of sixteen Irish rebels by the British won great popular support for the revolutionary movement, and in the elections of 1918 the Sinn Fein became the dominant Irish political party. Those elected to Parliament met in Dublin in 1919 and declared Ireland a republic, with Eamon de Valera as President. War broke out between the British and the Irish republicans, who rejected the Government of Ireland Act of 1920, granting Northern Ireland and the southern counties separate parliaments as well as representation in the British Parliament. To aid their soldiers, the British hired as special police the hated Black and Tan, so called because they wore khaki uniforms and black armbands and caps.

Prime Minister Lloyd George finally called a peace conference, which in 1921 resulted in the establishment of the Irish Free State as a self-governing dominion. Refusing to join in this new arrangement, Northern Ireland began its separate existence as a part of the United Kingdom.

From Free State to Free Irish Nation; The less extreme Sinn Feiners accepted the partition and in 1922 formed a provisional government with Arthur Griffith, founder of the society, as President. William T. Cosgrove became President of the permanent government shortly afterward. In 1931 his followers, as the Irish Commonwealth party, helped secure passage of the Statute of Westminster, which gave the Free State the right to alter its relations with Great Britain at will. In 1927 De Valera's group, the Fianna Fail party, finally agreed to take part in the government, and in 1932 it gained control. De Valera, as President of the Executive Council, set out to break all ties with Britain. One of his first moves was to halt payments on land being bought from the British, thus launching a serious trade war that lasted for six years.

Under a new constitution adopted in 1937, the Irish Free State became "Eire", "A sovereign, independent, democratic state". The next year Dr. Douglas Hyde became Eire's first President and D Valera its Prime Minister, and a British-Irish treaty involving territorial, economic, and commercial arrangements brought an end to the trade war. Although still a member of the British Commonwealth, Eire remained strictly neutral in World War II; however thousands of young Irishmen served with the British armed forces. In this period Northern Ireland enjoyed a tremendous industrial boom, producing ships and other war materials and providing bases for large Allied contingents.

In 1945 Sean T. O'Kelly, the Fianna Fail candidate, became Eire's second President, but in the elections of 1948 the party lost control of the government. It later returned to power. On Easter Monday, April 18, 1949, the nation severed its last time with Great Britain and became the Republic of Ireland.

Of course much has changed since then and the nation of Ireland is a thriving country proud of its heritage. Ireland is a place that you would be proud to display your Irish genealogy, family coat of arms or surname history.




Display Your History from Ireland on a Family Tree Chart

You can display your Irish history by using our family tree chart to show the direct lines of your genealogy. We can customize this genealogy chart to show the first, middle, and last names of your Irish heritage. Free pedigree chart if needed.

Customized Charts With Names

9-Generation Fan Chart Plain

9-Generation Fan Chart with 2 Surname History

9-Generation Fan Chart with Coat of Arms and Surname History

9-Generation Fan Chart with 2 Coats of Arms

7-Generation Bow-Tie Chart

6-Generation Chart

6-Generation Chart 2

5-Generation Chart

5-Generation Couples Chart

4-Generation Couples Chart

Cousin's Chart

Blank Charts With No Names

9-Generation Fan Chart Plain

9-Generation Fan Chart with 2 Surname History

9-Generation Fan Chart with Coat of Arms and Surname History

9-Generation Fan Chart with 2 Coats of Arms

7-Generation Bow-Tie Chart

6-Generation Chart

6-Generation Chart 2

5-Generation Chart

5-Generation Couples Chart

4-Generation Couples Chart


The family tree chart or any of our genealogy charts are a great way to display any family history that you have from Ireland. We can add the last name meaning and surname origin that has an Irish history to your order for that added touch of class. Donít forget the blazon of arms or family crest as the sunning colors will make most family tree charts jump out.




Family Crest - Alphabetic Surname Listings
A| B| C| D| E| F| G| H| I| J| K| L| M| N| O| P| Q| R| S| T| U| V| W| X| Y| Z
Coat of Arms - Alphabetic Surname Listings
A| B| C| D| E| F| G| H| I| J| K| L| M| N| O| P| Q| R| S| T| U| V| W| X| Y| Z

The Tree Maker ask that you please read the "Frequently Asked Questions" section before ordering. It covers a number of subjects in detail. Most of the questions are in regards to customization to family tree charts, family coat of arms, family crest symbol, Design Your Own Coat of Arms Symbol, surname history, family rings, and last name meaning, but the first few apply to everyone. This will help avoid any problems that could arise about your order. Free pedigree chart if needed. These family tree products make great birthday gifts, Christmas presents, or a Wedding and Anniversary gift.